Varieties of Tomatoes
Chances are, your favorite tomato is a different variety than mine. When
it comes to tomatoes, there is no shortage of varieties. As a matter of fact,
there are over 10,000 varieties of tomatoes! There's big tomatoes,
little cherry tomatoes, and in between sizes. You can choose between meaty
or juicy varieties of tomatoes. Flavor definitely sets different varieties
apart. And, not all tomatoes are red.
As a tomato grower, we suspect (and hope) that you are growing several different
varieties of tomatoes. Chances are, you will try many different varieties,
and will seek out new varieties for your home garden.
Thought for the Day: If tomatoes are technically a fruit, is ketchup
Varieties of Tomatoes:
Here are just a few of the hundreds of varieties of tomatoes that currently
exist. We have grouped the types of tomatoes into major categories.
Everybody loves these bite sized snacks. Make sure to grow some along the
border of the garden, so you and your kids can simply walk up and nibble.
Popular cherry tomato varieties include:
Cherry Falls - Distinctively sweet cherry tomatoes, that are great
in salads, on relish trays, or eaten fresh right off the vine. A great variety
for hanging baskets.
Chocolate Cherry - Indeterminate vines produce chocolate colored cherry
tomatoes that resemble chocolate drops... round and perfect!
Supersweet 100 Tomato - Amazingly high yields of super-sweet one inch
fruit.Vitamin C content is higher than any other tomato. Disease resistant,
indeterminate plants produce right up to frost.
Grape Tomato - Small and bite-sized,
these tasty morsels have gone from unknown to "the rage" in just a few years.
These egg-shaped fruit are sweet and tasty. How
to Grow Grape Tomatoes.
Tiny Tim - This extremely
miniature cherry tomato is perfect for small gardens and containers on your
patio or deck. Fruit is 3/4 to 1 inch in diameter.
How to grow Cherry Tomatoes
On the Light Side: Why are tomatoes red? Because they saw the salad
Early Season Tomatoes
This type of tomato ripens the earliest in the the season. Gardeners cherish
early season varieties. The first tomato of the season is a long anticipated
thrill. It's a sense of gardening pride, to be the first in your neighborhood
to produce a ripe, home grown tomato. Early season varieties usually are
often determinate plants with smaller fruit, than mid-season varieties.
Popular early season varieties:
Early Girl - By far the most popular
tomato in this category. It produces tasty slicing tomatoes in as little
as 52-55 days from setting starts outdoors. Indeterminate plants produce
an abundance of four to eight ounce tomatoes very early in the season. Production
often drops off, just as your main crop and beefsteaks begin to produce.
Independence Day - Start these plants indoors, and you can have garden
fresh tomatoes on the 4th of July. Matures just 55 days from setting transplants
outdoors. Orange-red fruits are about 2 1/2 inches in diameter..
Main Crop Tomatoes
Best Boy - As its name suggests, it is better than better boy. This
variety has the best taste, and is a beautiful, large, round. Disease resistant.
Better Boy Hybrid is one of the
most popular main crop tomatoes. Vigorous plants produce an abundance of
extra large fruits, some weighing 1 1/2 pounds each. Many people claim this
tomato variety has the best flavor. Meaty fruit is deep red in color.
Big Boy Hybrid - One of the most popular hybrid tomatoes. Indeterminate
plants produce large, deep red tomatoes, up to 2 pounds each. These big boys
will produce right up to frost.
Celebration Hybrid - The large, firm red fruit has exceptional flavor.
Grows on determinate plants and is resistant to most diseases.
Celebrity Hybrid - Celebrity is a star performer. Growing on
semi-determinate vines, it is a dependable producer of large, firm fruit
weighing about a half pound.
Container's Choice Red Hybrid - This is the premier tomato variety
for container gardens. Enormous yields on a bushy, space saving plant. Its
perfect for your patio or deck.
Oregon Spring - Medium to large fruit is tender, juicy and full of
flavor. Determinate variety that is nearly seedless. Matures early.
Rutgers - A favorite among home
gardeners. It is unsurpassed for canning. Highly productive plants produce
large, meaty fruit, with superior flavor. Plants are indeterminate.
Jet Star Hybrid - This big yielder produces large, globe shaped, low
acid fruit with a great taste. Indeterminate vine is vigorous and produces
Manitoba - An excellent extra-early determinate variety that produces
smooth, slightly flattened, brick-red fruit weighing about 6 ounces. An
outstanding container plant.
Tigerella - This indeterminate variety has unique, red and orange
striped fruit that has a tangy, rich and delicious flavor. Tasty sliced fresh,
Wisconsin 51 - An all-purpose tomato, favored for its sweetness. The
fruit is large, red, and averages 8 ounces. Excellent for canning and slicing.
These are the monster of the home tomato garden. These big, fat, juicy tomatoes
are among the tastiest you'll find. One slice of these tomatoes, covers a
piece of sandwich bread. They also take the longest to grow. However, all
will agree that they are worth the wait.
Beef Maestro - This indeterminate tomato plant produces large
yields of deep red, firm, extra large beefsteak type tomatoes, that resist
cracking and splitting.
Beefsteak - grow a monster tomato
in your home garden.
Bush Beefsteak - if you're space limited, try this compact bush variety
beefsteak tomato. An early variety with richly red, 8 ounce fruits.
Giant Red Beefsteak - Grow one to three pounds apiece of flavor! One slice
covers your sandwich.
Hillbilly - Large, beefsteak-type fruit is an unusual yellow-orange
color, streaked with red. 1 to 2 pound tomatoes are sweet, with high sugar
content, and high acidity. Indeterminate plants.
Plum Paste Tomatoes
These tomatoes are smaller but meaty, and have less juice or liquid. They
are popular for making tomato sauce, tomato paste and ketchup.
Roma - By far the best known variety
for tomato paste is Roma.
San Marzano - Commercially introduced
in 1926, this plum tomato was first brought to Europe from the Peru in 1770.
Viva Italia Hybrid - A tasty Italian type paste tomatoe. It has deep
red fruit, and with a meaty flavor. High sugar and good acid content.
As its name implies, long keepers store well. Properly stored, Long Keepers
will last through the winter months... if you don't eat them first!
Jubilee This is an All American selection. This low acid tomato is
orange in color and very meaty. It keeps well in a cool, low humidity
environment. Plants are indeterminate.
Heirloom tomatoes are varieties that have been around for a long time, and
their genetics have been kept pure (consistent). While this may not
be a category in the true sense, there is a delicious heirloom variety that
every home gardener should try at least once.
Abe Lincoln Tomato - An excellent tomato. Brilliant red, round, medium
sized tomatoes grown indeterminate vines. Dates back to at least 1920's.
Ace 55 - This is a low acid tomato. Determinate vines produce good
yields of meaty fruit, weighing up to 12 ounces.
Amana Orange - Mild tasting,perfect for salads or slicing. It's
golden orange color is beautiful mixed with red and yellow tomatoes.
Exceptionally meaty, mediums sized and flavorful. Indeterminate
Aunt Ruby's German Green Tomato - Large, green beefsteak tomato. When
ripe, fruit is green with a tint of yellow and a pink blush underneath.
Baby Roma - This is a small, but mighty tomato variety. It has a powerful
taste, that is great in salads and on vegetable platters. Indeterminate
Big Rainbow Tomato - This tomato has huge ribbed shoulders, and a
golden color, with red running through the flesh. Plants are indeterminate.
Black Krim Tomato - This is an
old Russian heirloom tomato. The fruit is black with green shoulders.
Plants are indeterminate.
Brandywine Pink Tomato - This
is one of the best heirloom varieties available. It is truly worth growing.
Brandywine produces large, pinkish red fruit. Meaty, good tasting fruit growing
1 to 1 1/2 pounds on indeterminate plants.
Brandywine Red Tomato -This deep red tomato has well-balanced flavor.
Fruits average 8 ounces and are disease tolerant.
Box Car Willie - It's a catchy name for a popular heirloom. Round,
red fruits have a sweet tart flavor. Indeterminate, disease tolerant plants
are heavy producers.
Cherokee Purple Tomato - The smoky, sweet flavor of this beefsteak
type tomato was enjoyed by Cherokee Indians over 100 years ago. Unusual color
is certain to get attention at the serving table. Indeterminate vines.
Crimson Cushion Beefsteak - Bright red and tasty ribbed fruit
grow on vigorous vines. Great for slicing, sandwiches and relish trays.
Indeterminate plant. A favorite and popular variety. Grow them and find out
Old German - This beefsteak tomato is a deliciously sweet and decorative
variety. Fruit color is yellow with red and pink mottling on the outside
and throughout the flesh. It can weigh up to 2 pounds. Use it for fresh slicing,
salads or salsa.
Red Cherry Large - Vigorous, indeterminate vines grow abundant clusters
of firm, round, cherry tomatoes, about 1 1/4" in diameter.
Marglobe - Strong, long producing, and vigorous vine produces medium
sized, perfectly shaped. scarlet colored fruit. Solid flesh with mild acidity.
use fresh or canned.
Mortgage Lifter Tomato -
Produces a huge tomato, up to 2 pounds, that is very meaty with few seeds.
As the story goes, a West Virginia man who produced and sold enough seedlings
to pay off the mortgage of his house.
Prudens Purple Tomato - Indeterminate "potato leaved" plants produce
fruit up to 1 pound in weight. Fruit has dark pink skin and meaty, crimson
Red Oxheart - A popular Italian, tomato variety. Indeterminate vines
produce large, mild-flavored, strawberry shaped fruit, with few seeds. Excellent
for canning and sauces.
Yellow Pear - Grown since the late 1800's, Yellow pear produces an
abundacne of small, yeallow, pear-shaped fruit, with a sweet flavor.
More on Heirloom seeds
Indeterminate versus Determinate Plants
For tomato growers, one of the first two terms we learn is "determinate"
and "indeterminate" vines, or plants.
Determinate plants have a maximum height that the plant will grow. Some growers
prefer determinate varieties, due to small gardens and confined space
limitations, the desire not to fence or stake plants (small determinate varieties
are perfect for this), difficulty of harvest, or a physical limitation (or
handicap) of the grower.
Indeterminate varieties are more common and more popular. The vines do not
stop growing at any defined length or height. These varieties will require
staking, caging, or fencing, to help support the vine as it grows and produces
fruit. The plant continues to grow all season long. Indeterminate plants
are limited only by the first frost.
Garden Tomato Recipes: May we suggest:
Learn all about growing Tomatoes:
- In-depth information and advice from Garden